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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文誠(2008),高雄市都市景觀變遷的空間分析,海洋文化學刊,第4期,頁195-224。
  2. 李家儂、羅健文(2006),大眾運輸導向發展設計概念中步行可及性與大眾捷運系統屢次關係之初探,都市交通季刊,第二十卷,第4期,頁1-14。
  3. 李以信(2009),反映都市空間結構的夜間照明系統規劃之研究-以高雄縣鳳山市為例,國立成功大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林漢良(2005),土地使用圖之點資料空間分析研究,規劃學報,第32期,頁31-44。
  5. 林峰田(1991),空間混合度之準碎形指標,建築與城鄉研究學報,第6期,頁9-17。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張舒蓉(2016)。臺北市創意街區之街道空間形式與使用行為之研究-以粉樂町創意街區為例。中原大學景觀學研究所學位論文。2016。1-112。
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