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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王光旭(2005)。都市計畫審議機制之制度分析:以臺中市為例。行政暨政策學報,41,35~80頁。
  2. 王泰升(2015)。臺灣法律現代化歷程:從「內地延長」到「自主繼受」。臺北市:國立臺灣大學出版中心。
  3. 王鴻楷、徐進鈺、凌宗魁、夏鑄九、陳亮全、華昌宜、廖彥豪、劉可強(2015)。專業通才理想的實踐:臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所訪談錄(一)。臺北市:臺灣社會研究雜誌社。
  4. 中華民國都市計劃學會(1997)。都市計畫作業手冊:草案。臺北市:內政部營建署。
  5. 朱柔若(2000)譯。社會研究方法:質化與量化取向。臺北市:揚智出版社。
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