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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.李憶君,《嘉義縣老人社區照顧多元方案之研究-以嘉義縣六腳鄉灣南社區為例》國立中正大學社會福利所碩論,2005。
  2. 3.林士軒,《既有國宅高齡者居住環境改造評估之研究》,國立成功大學建築研究所碩論,2007。
  3. 5.周煌明,〈老人問題探討〉,《復興崗學報》,pp.1-28,2000。
  4. 7.陳柏宗,《都市高層集合住宅社區的老人社區照顧服務據點與老人社會網絡、社會支持之研究:以台南市長榮社區為例》,中華民國建築學會「建築學報」第69期,2009。
  5. 8.陳舒雯,《都市高層集合住宅高齡居住者之社區老人照顧設施使用特性之研究 : 以台南市長榮社區為例》,國立成功大學建築研究所碩論,2006。
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