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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林旻沛. (2011). 性格與認知因素對大學生網路成癮之影響: 一年追蹤研究. 成功大學健康照護科學研究所學位論文, 1-206.
  2. 吳政航. (2007). 大學生家庭功能與壓力因應型態對憂鬱症狀之影響. 成功大學行為醫學研究所學位論文, 1-77.
  3. 徐西森, & 連廷嘉. (2001). 大專學生網路沈迷行為及其徑路模式之驗証研究. 中華 輔導學報, (10), 119-150.
  4. 陳淑惠, 翁儷禎, 蘇逸人, 吳和懋, & 楊品鳳. (2003). 中文網路成癮量表之編製與心理計量特性研究. 中華心理學刊, 45(3), 279-294.
  5. 張宇岱. (2003). 焦慮合併酒癮與焦慮患者在酒精效果預期, 拒酒自我效能及壓力因應方式上的差異. 成功大學行為醫學研究所學位論文, 1-108.
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