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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫仲山(2009)。職業訓練成效與就業轉銜網絡研究,高雄師範大學工業科技教育研究所,高雄市。
  2. 曾介谷(2007)。組織發展與中高齡員工人力資源再運用之研究-以新宇公司為例。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系在職進修碩士班,台北市。
  3. 葉俊廷(2009)。職場中高齡者能力移轉模式之研究-以四個國營事業為例。國立中正大學高齡者教育所,嘉義縣。
  4. 盧昱瑩(2005)。年齡歧視為中高齡勞工就業殺手?臺灣大學新聞研究所,台北市。
  5. 顏兆農(2007)。中高齡退休專業人力再運用之研究-以企業需求為導向。國立政治大學勞工研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宇婕(2013)。社會支持與高齡者健檢服務使用意願之探索性研究。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2013。1-99。
  2. 莊婉君(2013)。台灣中高齡勞工漸進式退休問題之探討。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2013。1-80。
  3. 楊盈芝(2015)。選擇、最適化與補償模式策略與工作動機的關係—以認知與年齡有關人力資源管理措施為調節變項。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-61。
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