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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李卓夫(2000)。大學生性別角色刻板印象與兩性平權態度關係之研究。
  2. 洪有義(1977)。國中學生內外制握與適應問題的關係。師大教育心理學報,10期,102-122頁。
  3. 黃堅厚(1979)。國小及國中學生內外控信念之研究。教育心理學報。12期,1-14頁。
  4. 董旭英(2000)。青少年偏差行為成因研究:檢驗一般化緊張理論的實證性。行政院國科會專題研究計畫。
  5. 曾幼涵(2000)。解析青少年犯罪率高峰之現象:「低自我控制」與「成熟代溝」之再議。國立政治大學心理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (34) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭韻治(2005)。男性青少年暴力行為與情緒因素、自我尊重之相關研究-以台北地區為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2005。1-153。 
  2. 戴怡婷(2015)。國中生復原力對緊張因素、負向情緒與偏差行為間關係之影響。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-121。 
  3. 盧名瑩(2010)。國中生的金錢態度與偏差行為之關聯性研究。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-108。 
  4. 何靜雯(2009)。教師線上遊戲經驗在教師玩興、對學生遊戲動機、情緒、學習成長認知與師生關係之差異研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-114。 
  5. 郭曉嵐(2013)。更衣室裡的祕密:嚴厲訓練下運動員情緒之自我敘說。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-126。 
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