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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 206 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. “Emissions of Size-Segregated Aerosols from On-Road Vehicles in
  2. the Caldecott Tunnel”, Environmental Science & Technology, Vol.
  3. or The Toxic Metabolite(s) of Napthalene” , Toxicology, Vol. 114,
  4. Bittner, J. D.; Howard, J. B., “In Particulate Carbon: Formation during
  5. Brown, S. L., “Atmospheric ane potable water exposures to methyl
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張開駿(2010)。汽油含氧量及芳香烴含量對四行程機車排放氣態污染物之影響。成功大學環境工程學系學位論文。2010。1-173。 
  2. 劉萱萱(2013)。大學普通化學實驗課程對實驗室內甲醛逸散濃度特性之研究。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2013。1-112。 
  3. 陳昱豪(2006)。油品成分對機車引擎排放揮發性有機物之影響。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-132。 
  4. 高建文(2006)。酒精混合MTBE之汽油燃燒特性研究。崑山科技大學機械工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-95。
  5. 姚永真(2010)。汽油成份於四行程機車引擎氣態污染物排放特徵及模式研究。成功大學環境工程學系學位論文。2010。1-217。
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