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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.Daft, R. L. and Macintosh, N. B. (1981). "A Tentative Exploration into the Amount and Equivocality of Information Processing in Organizational Work Units." Administrative Science Quarterly, 26(2), 207-224.
  2. 7.Galbraith, J. R. (1977). Organization Design. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  3. 10.Kang, L. S. and Paulson, B. C. (1997). "Adaptability of Information Classification Systems for Civil Works." J. Constr. Engrg. And Mgmt., ASCE, 123(4), 419-426.
  4. 11.Kang, L. S. and Paulson, B. C. (1998). "Information Management to Intergrate Cost and Schedule for Civil Engineerig Projects." J. Constr. Engrg. And Mgmt., ASCE, 124(5), 381-389.
  5. 13.Pocock, J. B., Chang, T. H., Liu, L. Y., and Kim, K. K. (1996). "Relationship Between Project Interaction and Performance Indicators." J. Constr. Engrg. And Mgmt., ASCE, 122(2), 165-176.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉龍源(2008)。提升國內垃圾焚化廠經營效率相關因素之研究。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2008。1-169。 
  2. 李仁豪(2005)。台灣地區工程技術顧問公司經理人管理才能之研究。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2005。1-114。 
  3. 蔡鴻璋(2006)。技術服務廠商工程師供給彈性策略規劃模式之研究。中央大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-58。
  4. 詹孟霖(2006)。工程專案協調時間規劃。成功大學土木工程學系學位論文。2006。1-115。
  5. 徐浩桓(2007)。短期間承攬案件選擇最佳化模式之研究。中央大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-63。
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