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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 273 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 中華民國都市計劃學會,2000,2000年全球城市發展調查報告,台北市政府都市發展局。
  2. 7. 史美強,1993,「美國競爭力之決定因素:理論探討」,中國行政評論,Vol.2(4), pp. 73-118.。
  3. 40. 金家禾,2001,全球化與台灣都會區生產者服務業之發展,都市與計劃,Vol.28, No4。
  4. 44. 施鴻志,1995,區域多功能成長中心發展策略之研究-南部區域產業成長中心之發展,行政院國科會。
  5. 3. Amin, A., 1994, Post-Fordism: Models, Fantasies and Phantoms of Transition, in Amin, A. (ed), Post-Fordism: A Reader, Oxford: Blackwell, pp.1-40.
Times Cited (32) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宜芳(2013)。高雄港轉運貨櫃市場競爭能力之研究。成功大學交通管理科學系學位論文。2013。1-146。 
  2. 呂學記(2014)。新北市改制後之發展策略。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  3. 鄭亦廷(2011)。臺灣地區資訊服務業空間分布及發展差異之研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2011。1-81。 
  4. 彭珍怡(2007)。台灣地區縣市競爭力指標建立之研究。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2007。1-100。 
  5. 莊頌娉(2007)。兩岸城市競爭力評比之研究。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2007。1-82。 
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