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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1 K. L. Chopra, S. Major, and D.K. Pandya, Thin Solid Films, vol 102, pp. 1 (1983)
  2. 6 Von H, Kasper Z. Anorg Allg Chemie, vol 349, pp.113 (1967).
  3. 7 T. Minami, T. Kakumu, S. Tanaka, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, vol 14, pp.1704 (1996).
  4. 9 Tadatsugu Minami, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, vol 17, pp.1765 (1999).
  5. 15 Martinez, M A. Herrero, and J. Gutierrez, M T , Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells., v 45 n1 Jan 1, pp75-86 (1997).
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王佑民(2007)。氧化鋅摻雜氧化銦反射式電極之材料特性研究。臺北科技大學光電與平面顯示器產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2007。1-52。 
  2. 陳志明(2006)。氧化鋅摻雜氧化銦對P型氮化鎵歐姆接觸特性之研究。臺北科技大學光電工程系所學位論文。2006。1-82。 
  3. 吳晉坤(2004)。銦鋅氧化物(IZO)透明導電薄膜應用於高功率GaN基LED之研究。成功大學微電子工程研究所學位論文。2004。1-59。
  4. 李偉吉(2006)。具IZO透明導電層之高功率大面積垂直結構 GaN-基LEDs之研製。成功大學微電子工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-83。
  5. 郭德明(2007)。具金屬反射基板之高功率垂直式磷化鋁鎵銦LEDs之研製。成功大學微電子工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-85。
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