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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Amendola G., Barna D., Blosser R., LaGleur L., McBride A., Thomas F., Whittemore R. The occurrence and fate of PCDDs and PCDFs in five bleached kraft pulp and paper mills. Chemosphere 18: 1181-1189(1989)
  2. Barbieri S., Pirvovano C., Scarlato G., Tarchini P., Zappa A., Maranzana M. Long-term effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on peripheral nervous system. Clinical and neurophysiological controlled study on subjects with chloracne the Seveso area. Neuroepidemiology 7(1): 29-37(1988)
  3. Bjorseth, A., Bjorseth, O., Fjeldstad, P.E. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the work atmosphere-I. Determination in an aluminum reduction plant. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 4:212-223(1978)
  4. Bjorseth, A., Bjorseth, O., Fjeldstad, P.E. Ploycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the work atmosphere-Determination of area-specific concentrations and job-specific exposure in a vertical pin soderberg aluminum plant. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 7:223-232(1981)
  5. Buekens. A., Cornelis. E., Huang. H., Dewettinck. T. Fingerprints of dioxin from thermal industrial processes. Chemosphere 40: 1021-1024(2000)
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳幸吟(2011)。台灣地區戴奧辛大氣濃度與沉降之空品模擬與長期觀測資料分析。中央大學環境工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-125。
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