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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Alexandrie, A. K.; Rannug, A.; Juronen, E.; Tasa, G.; and Warholm, M.: Detection and characterization of a novel functional polymorphism in the GSTT1 gene. Pharmacogenetics., 12(8): 613-9, 2002.
  2. 2. Ambrosone, C. B.; Coles, B. F.; Freudenheim, J. L.; and Shields, P. G.: Glutathione-S-transferase (GSTM1) genetic polymorphisms do not affect human breast cancer risk, regardless of dietary antioxidants. Journal of Nutrition., 129(2S Suppl): 565S-568S, 1999.
  3. 3. Andrews, L. S.; Sasame, H. A.; and Gillette, J. R.: 3H-Benzene metabolism in rabbit bone marrow. Life Sciences., 25(7): 567-72, 1979.
  4. 4. Arand, M.; Muhlbauer, R.; Hengstler, J.; Jager, E.; Fuchs, J.; Winkler, L.; and Oesch, F.: A multiplex polymerase chain reaction protocol for the simultaneous analysis of the glutathione S-transferase GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms. Analytical Biochemistry., 236(1): 184-6, 1996.
  5. 5. Baak, Y. M.; Ahn, B. Y.; Chang, H. S.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, K. A.; and Lim, Y.: Aplastic anemia in a petrochemical factory worker. Environmental Health Perspectives., 107(10): 851-3, 1999.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃昇華(2008)。苯暴露勞工尿中代謝物對苯二酚與NQO1基因多型性及血液指標之相關性探討。成功大學環境醫學研究所學位論文。2008。1-81。
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