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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 鄭力寬,應用雙層次數學規劃於鐵路定價之研究,國立成功大學交通管理研究所碩士論 文,民國92年。
  2. 17. Ben-Ayed, O., Boyce, D. E. and Blair, C. E., “A General Bilevel Linear    Programming Formulation of the Network Design Problem,” Transportation     Research, Vol. 22B, pp. 311-318, 1988.
  3. 21. Pigou, A. C., ”The Economics of Welfare,” London : Macmillan, 1920.
  4. 23. Tobin, R. L., ”Sensitivity Analysis for Variational Inequalities,” Journal  of Optimization Theory and Applications, Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 191-204, 1986.
  5. 24. Tobin, R. L. and Friesz T. L.,“Sensitivity Analysis for Equilibrium Network  Flow”, Transportation Science, Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 242-250, 1988.
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 駱巧瑜(2014)。應用兩階層規劃求解多模式資源受限的多專案排程問題。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-56。 
  2. 許珀銜(2011)。應用兩階層規劃於提升台灣廢主機回收率之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  3. 彭孟吟(2008)。兩階層數學規劃費率制訂之研究-以台灣玻璃容器資源回收機制為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-86。 
  4. 賴庭順(2006)。高速公路電子收費下尖離峰差別通行費率模式建立之研究。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-142。 
  5. 謝正宏(2006)。應用賽局理論研擬國道客運與台鐵之競爭策略 -以高速鐵路通車為例。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-124。 
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