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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.Amin, A.(2000) Industrial districts. A Companion to Economic Geography, Sheppard E., and Barnes, T., 149-168.
  2. 4.Becattini, G.(1991) Italian industrial districts:Problems and perspectives. International Studies of Management and Organization, Vol. 21, No. 1, 83-90.
  3. 5.Beesley, M. E. and Hamilton, R. T.(1985)Births and Deaths of Manufacturing Firms in the Scottish Regions. Regional Studies, Vol. 20.4, 281-288.
  4. 7.Collett, D.(1994)Modeling Survival Data in Medical Research. Chapman and Hall, London. First edition.
  5. 8.Costa-Campi, M. T. and Viladecans-Marsal, E.(1999) The district effect and the competitiveness of manufacturing companies in local productive systems. Urban Studies, Vol. 36, 2085-2098.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周照棠(2014)。原台南市製造業廠商存活之空間特性。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2014。1-111。 
  2. 葉碧儀(2011)。國家貿易關係的存續期間及波動度研究:台灣電子產業出口貿易之實證分析。清華大學經濟學系學位論文。2011。1-60。 
  3. 潘志祥(2005)。以期間模型探討產品開發影響因素—以台灣某電腦機殼廠商為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-87。
  4. 吳岱芸(2013)。會計師受懲戒及懲戒後存續時間長短之影響因素。成功大學會計學系學位論文。2013。1-80。
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