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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方麗華、陳昭姿、陳純誠(1998)‧憂鬱症的治療‧台灣醫學,2(4),456-463。
  2. 李惠玲、顧乃平(1999)‧音樂治療在腫瘤護理之應用‧護理雜誌,16(1),51-55。
  3. 李選(1990)‧音樂治療與應用‧長庚護理,1(1),62-71。
  4. 李選、葉美玉、劉燦榮(1993)‧音樂治療對改善住院精神病患精神症狀與人際互動之成效‧護理研究,1(2),145-156。
  5. 李選、劉麗芳、陳淑齡(1999)‧音樂治療在國內護理專業領域之臨床應用‧護理雜誌,46(1),25-30。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴谷霖(Ku-Lin Tai);陳慶福(Ching-Fu Chen);黃素雲(Su-Yun Huang)(2014)。兒時目睹家暴之受暴婦女在諮商中所知覺重要事件之研究。教育心理學報。45(3)。367-391。 
  2. 蕭一聰(2006)。運用創新擴散模式探討網路電話對電信服務業的影響。成功大學工程管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-82。
  3. 李光耀(2007)。台灣音樂治療的歷史與方法分析。成功大學藝術研究所學位論文。2007。1-179。
  4. 謝玉萍(2008)。團體認知行為治療對門診憂鬱症青少年之成效初探。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-120。
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