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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abalos A., Pinazo A., Infante M.R., Casals M., García F., Manresa A., “Physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of new rhamnolipids produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa AT10 from soybean oil refinery wastes” Langmuir, 17, 1367–1371 (2001)
  2. Banat I.M., “Biosurfactants production and possible uses in microbial enhanced oil recovery and oil pollution remediation: A review” Fuel and Energy Abstracts, 36, 4, 290–298 (1995)
  3. Banat I.M., Makkar R.S., Cameotra S.S., “Potential commercial applications of microbial surfactants” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 53, 495–508 (2000)
  4. Barathi S., Vasudevan N., “Utilization of petroleum hydrocarbons by Pseudomonas fluorescens isolated from a petroleum-contaminated soil” Environment International, 26, 5, 413–416 (2001)
  5. Brondz I., “Development of fatty acid analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromato -graphy, and related techniques” Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 465, 1–37 (2002)
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 章蓓昕(2015)。不同層狀雙氫氧化物(LDHs)之添加對於枯草桿菌 Bacillus subtilis CWS1在液態發酵生產表面素之探討。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-69。 
  2. 馬志強(2005)。應用生物界面活性劑促進柴油污染土壤中原生菌生物降解效率。成功大學環境工程學系學位論文。2005。1-130。
  3. 潘柏岑(2006)。應用土耕法配合生物添加促進法整治柴油污染土壤之研究。成功大學環境工程學系學位論文。2006。1-164。
  4. 廖述風(2006)。向下噴射流導流管流體化床進行油脂廢水快速部分氧化以提升生質能源化效率。成功大學環境工程學系學位論文。2006。1-194。
  5. 闞公晧(2006)。生物界面活性劑—沙雷濕潤素之醱酵生產及相關性質分析。元智大學生物科技暨生物資訊研究所學位論文。2006。1-119。
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