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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.Fujishima A.; Honda K. “Electrochemical Photolysis of Water at a Semiconductor Electrode Nature” Nature, 238, 37, (1972).
  2. 4.Hoffman M. R.; Martin S. T.; Choi W.; Bahnemann D. W. “Environmental Application of Semiconductor Photocatalysis”, Chem. Rev., 95, 69, (1995).
  3. 5.Hagfeldt A.; Grätzel M. “Light-Induced Redox Reactions in Nanocrystalline systems” Chem. Rev., 95, 49, (1995).
  4. 6.Lijima S. “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon” Nature, 354, 56, (1991).
  5. 7.Haidong Y.; Zhongping Z.; Mingyong H.; Xiaotao H.; Furong Z. “A General Low-Temperature Route for Large-Scale Fabrication of HighlyOriented ZnO Nanorod/Nanotube Arrays” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 2378, (2005).
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林建宏(2007)。以微波水熱法合成硫化鋅觸媒光催化降解水中染劑。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2007。1-102。 
  2. 陳書瑋(2015)。超音波輔助合成法備製珊瑚狀氧化鉍及光催化降解水中有機污染物之應用。逢甲大學環境工程與科學學系學位論文。2015。1-143。 
  3. 林君怡(2008)。以微波法製備奈米二氧化鈦之研究。臺北科技大學化學工程研究所學位論文。2008。1-72。
  4. 劉信寬(2009)。有機-無機複合金屬磷酸鹽及多維度鎂金屬化合物的新式合成及研究。中原大學化學研究所學位論文。2009。1-128。
  5. 陳鈺麟(2009)。製備多層奈米二氧化鈦薄膜於染料敏化太陽能電池之應用。臺北科技大學製造科技研究所學位論文。2009。1-81。
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