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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. F. Reinitzer, Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 9, 421 (1888).
  2. 2. O. Z. Lehmann, Phys. Chem., 4, 4621 (1889).
  3. 7. 王宏宇,“含光學活性菠脂基液晶高分子之合成及其在光學元件上之應用研究”,國立成功大學化工研究所碩士論文 (2002)。
  4. 8. 王素誼,“光異構性偶氮型液晶之合成及其光電特性探討” ,國立成功大學化工研究所碩士論文 (2002)。
  5. 9. 楊博智,“含硝基偶氮苯衍生基光敏性液晶高分子之合成及特性探討”,國立成功大學化工研究所碩士論文 (2003)。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方皓(2011)。膽固醇型液晶拓印之光子晶體結構及其光學特性之探討。成功大學化學工程學系學位論文。2011。1-70。
  2. 葉睿祐(2011)。盤狀及T字型分子之合成與性質探討以及反射式液晶顯示元件之組裝。大同大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-141。
  3. 金軒甫(2012)。微胞式膽固醇液晶於可撓式基板之雙軸拉伸之研究。虎尾科技大學電子工程系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-90。
  4. 楊楷民(2013)。微胞式膽固醇液晶之光熱效應及其於光強度調制器之應用。虎尾科技大學光電與材料科技研究所學位論文。2013。1-90。
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