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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Amin, A. a. T., N, (1995). Globalization, institutional 'thickness' and the local economy Managing Cities -The New Urban context. I. P. H. etal(ed.). Singapore, John Wiley and sons: 91-108.
  2. 3.Borja, J. and M. Castells, Eds. (1997). Local and Global: Management of Cities in the information Age. London, Earthscan.
  3. 5.Buckley, P. J. and M. Casson (1976). The Future of the Multinational Enterprise, Holmes and Meier Publishers.
  4. 9.Castells, M. (1996). The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford, B;ackwell.
  5. 10.Castells, M., . , : (2000). The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford, B;ackwell.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘宗呈(2015)。台北市青田街地方記憶保存之研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2015。1-162。 
  2. 柯文欣(2009)。台灣地區區域發展差距之再檢視。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2009。1-165。
  3. 王安壽(2010)。吸引外資投入臺灣高科技產業之政策競爭評估準則研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2010。1-128。
  4. 鄧傳馨(2011)。國際拍賣公司在台營運策略之研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-100。
  5. 王子軒(2016)。高雄新庄仔地方聚落及產業遷變之研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2016。1-110。
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