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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2]. S. E. Shaheen, D. S. Ginley, G. E. Jabbour, ”Organic-Based Photovoltaics:Toward Low-Cost Power Generation”, Mrs. Bull. 30, 10 (2005)
  2. [4]. M. Gratzel, ”Photochemical Cells”, Nature 414, 338 (2001)
  3. [5]. W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, A. P. Alivisatos, ”Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells”, Science 295, 2425 (2002)
  4. [7]. C. W. Tang, ”Two-layer organic photovoltaic cell”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 83 (1986).
  5. [8]. P. Peumans, V. Bulovi, and S. R. Forrest, ”Efficient photon harvesting at high optical intensities in ultrathin organic double-heterostructure photovoltaic diodes”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2650 (2000).
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭聖議(2012)。含吡咯併吡咯二酮衍生物之星狀寡聚合體合成及其光伏特性研究。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-89。 
  2. 張智翔(2010)。高分子太陽能電池之熱退火製作研究。中興大學光電工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-66。 
  3. 何秉奇(2011)。利用光譜與顯微鏡技術研究有機太陽能電池PCBM/Cyanine有機層之形貌。清華大學材料科學工程學系學位論文。2011。1-91。 
  4. 許俊傑(2011)。含咔唑及芴之富勒烯衍生物的合成、性質探討及其應用。臺灣大學化學研究所學位論文。2011。1-108。 
  5. 許修齊(2010)。添加烷烴硫醇對聚(3-己烷基噻吩)與富勒烯衍生物為主動層的有機太陽能電池之影響。大同大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-113。
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