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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] John C. Stewien, Timothy L.J. Ferris, “The Asterisk Operator – An Edge Detection Operator Addressing the Problem of Clean Edges in Bone X-ray Images,” Knowledge-Based Intelligent Electronic Systems. Proceedings KES '98. Volume: 3, On page(s): 28-31 vol.3, 1998.
  2. [4] A. H. Newberg and D. Seligson, “The patellofemoral joint: 30o, 60o, and 90o views,” Radiology 137, pp. 57-61, 1980.
  3. [5] A. P. Davies and M. M. S. Glasgow, “Imaging in osteoarthritis: a guide to requesting plain X-rays of the degenerate knee,” The Knee, no. 7, pp. 139-143, 2000.
  4. [6] S. A. Mazzuca, K. D. Brandt et. al., “Effect of alignment of the medical tibial plateau and X-Ray beam on apparent progression of osteoarthritis in the standing anteroposteior knee radiograph,” Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol. 44, no. 8, pp.1786-1794, 2001.
  5. [7] Gert Behiels, Frederik Maes, Dirk Vandermeulen, Paul Suetens, “Evaluation of image features and search strategies for segmentation of bone structures in radiographs using Active Shape Models,” Medical Image Analysis 6(1), pp. 47--62, 2002.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翟靖華(2010)。應用於輪緣螺帽分檢及扣件表面缺陷檢測之電腦視覺系統。成功大學資訊工程學系學位論文。2010。1-89。
  2. 曾啟豪(2011)。電腦輔助髖部醫病解說與術前規劃系統發展。中央大學機械工程學系學位論文。2011。1-96。
  3. 劉彥甫(2012)。X光影像之髖關節與膝關節手術電腦輔助術前評估規劃。中央大學機械工程學系學位論文。2012。1-83。
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