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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [Ahlgrena and Grönqvist 2008] P. Ahlgrena and L. Grönqvist, “Evaluation of Retrieval Effectiveness with Incomplete Relevance Data: Theoretical and Experimental Comparison of Three Measures,” Information Processing & Management, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 212-225, 2008.
  2. [Atkinson-Abutridy et al. 2003] J. Atkinson-Abutridy, C. Mellish, and S. Aitken, “A Semantically Guided and Domain-Independent Evolutionary Model for Knowledge Discovery From Texts,” IEEE Trans. Evolutionary Computation, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 546-560, 2003.
  3. [Au et al. 2003] W. H. Au, K. C. C. Chan, and X. Yao, “A Novel Evolutionary Data Mining Algorithm with Applications to Churn Prediction,” IEEE Trans. Evolutionary Computation, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 532-545, 2003.
  4. [Bai et al. 2001] Y. M. Bai, C. C. Lin, J. Y. Chen, and W. C. Liu, “Virtual Psychiatric Clinics,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 158, no. 7, pp. 1160-1161, 2001.
  5. [Barzilay and Lapata 2008] R. Barzilay and M. Lapata, “Modeling Local Coherence: An Entity-based Approach,” Computational Linguistics, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1-34, 2008.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃巧媛(2016)。應用潛在語意分析於試題相似度比對 -以中華民國物流協會認證題庫為例。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-63。
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