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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10. 孫自端(2005),個人辨識產品之轉換-以來電答鈴為例,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 2.Dik Hermes,(1988),"Measurement of pitch by sub-harmonics summation", Journal ofAcoustics of Society of America, Am 83(1), Jan. pp. 257-264
  3. 6.Jinyu Li, Yu Tsao, “Chin-Hui Lee,(2005),A Study on Knowledge Source Integration for Candidate Rescoring in Automatic Speech Recognition.” IEEE Trans, ICASSP’, vol.1,837-840
  4. 7. Mike Baxter,Chapman & Hall(1995),Product Design Practical Methods for the Systematic.
  5. 8. Robert,T.L. & George,E.,(1989),“The Effects of Device Technology on the Usability of Advanced Telephone Functions”,In Proceeding of ACM CHI’89 Conference on Human Factors in Computing System,Austin,Texas, USA,pp.331-337.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪偲芸(2010)。汽車車門關閉音之感性意象研究。成功大學工業設計學系學位論文。2010。1-85。 
  2. 黃妙雯(2010)。視覺與聽覺感性意象之關聯─以數位相機為例。成功大學工業設計學系學位論文。2010。1-123。 
  3. 盧韋伶(2011)。洗衣機功能提示音之合適性研究。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2011。1-163。
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