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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2、王永慈(2007)。高齡社會的來臨:為2025年的台灣社會規劃之整合研究-不同世代對於老年生活的需求、服務提供以及價值偏好的調查研究。95年度國科會補助專案計畫。
  2. 14、陳文喜(1999)。政府推展老人休閒活動的預期效益分析。大專體育,44,127-133。
  3. 33、Gilly, M. C., & Zeithaml, V. A. (1985). The Elderly Consumer and Adoption of Technologies. Consumer Research, 12(3), 353-357.
  4. 34、Griffin, J., & McKenna, K. (1998). Influences on leisure and life satisfaction of elderly people. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 15(4), 1-16.
  5. 36、House_n Research Group. (2005). Retrieved 11/28, 2007, from
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳嘉懿(2011)。智慧化居住空間設計與評估。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2011。1-268。 
  2. 寗全貞(2014)。以時空路徑探討高齡者步行空間與 社會支持-台北市信義區為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-237。 
  3. 鄭伊茜(2012)。運用雲端運算於室內空間規劃之初探 -以居住空間為例。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-126。 
  4. 巫秉儒(2013)。就在宅老化需求探討居住空間之建築改造-以鄉村地區住宅標準建築圖樣為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-173。 
  5. 林俊翰(2012)。應用GIS於適合老人居住區位之研究‐以屏東市為例。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2012。1-84。 
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