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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 吳姿瑤,「國內開放式股票基金在分類與預測模型比較之研究」,國立成功大學統計所,2005年
  2. [11] 陳建文,「醫院經營效率衡量模式建立-DEA、DEA-ANN、CART與Malmquist方法應用」,國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所,2007年。
  3. [12] 鄭忠樑,「運用分類樹於股價報酬率之研究」,元智大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文,2002年。
  4. [1] Chevalier, J. and Ellison, G. (1999) ‘Are some mutual fund managers better than others? Cross-sectional patterns in behavior and performance’, Journal of Finance, Vol.56, pp.875-899.
  5. [2] Charnes, A., Cooper, W. W. and Rhodes, E.(1981) ‘Evaluating program and managerial efficiency: An application of DEA to program follow through’, Management Science, vol. 27, No.6, pp.668-697.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳家齊(2014)。整合台灣製造業不同分群下存貨掌控度關鍵影響因素之研究。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-56。 
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