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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 57. Kaplan, S., Kaplan, R., & Wendt, J.S. (1972), “Rated Preference and Complexity forNatural and Urban Visual Material,” Perception and Psychophysics, Vol.12, No.4,
  2. 3. Kaplan, S. (1987), ”Aesthetic, Affect and Cognition: Environmental Preference from an Evolutionary Perspective,” Environment and Behavior, Vol.19, No.1, pp.3-32.
  3. 5. Kent, R.L. (1993), “Determining scenic quality along highways: a cognitive approach,”Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.27, pp.29-45.
  4. 6. Zube, E.H., Sell, J.L. & Tayolr, J.G. (1982), “Landscape perception: Research, application and theory. Landscape Planning, Vol.9, pp.1-33.
  5. 7. Lynch, Kevin. (1960), “The Image of the City”, Cambridge: MIT Press.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張子璽(2010)。竹東鎮大同國小戶外展示遊廊與社區藝術共生研究。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-111。 
  2. 黃朝業(2010)。台中市孔廟園區遊客滿意度與環境改造認同度之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-90。
  3. 林珮瑩(2011)。臺南孔廟的研究。成功大學中國文學系學位論文。2011。1-339。
  4. 蕭淑文(2011)。農村社區景觀喜好與地方依附關連性之研究。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2011。1-98。
  5. 王詩慧(2017)。從視覺景觀觀點探討居民偏好之歷史巷弄構成─以台南市赤崁文化園區周邊為例。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2017。1-102。
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