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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Apt, K. E. and Behrens, P. W., Commercial developments in microalgal biotechnology, Journal of Phycology, 35, 215-226 (1999).
  2. Borowitzka, M. A., Commercial production of microalgae: ponds, tanks, tubes and fermenters, Journal of Biotechnology, 70, 313-321 (1999).
  3. Butler, W.R., Calaman, J.J., and Beam, S.W., Plasma and milk urea nitrogen in relation to pregnancy rate in lactating dairy cattle, Jounral of Animal Science, 74, 858-865 (1996).
  4. Carlozzi, P., Dilution of solar radiation through “culture” lamination in photobioreactor rows facing south–north: a way to improve the efficiency of light utilization by Cyanobacteria (Arthrospira platensis), Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 81, 305-315 (2003).
  5. Chisti, Y., Biodiesel from microalgae, Biotechnology Advances, 25, 294-306 (2007).
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡芳君(2011)。胺丙基三甲氧基矽烷改質矽材吸附煙道氣中二氧化碳之研究。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-113。 
  2. 蘇威仁(2011)。複合型光生物反應器之設計及微藻培養之研究。成功大學化學工程學系學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  3. 洪子剛(2015)。小球藻在氯化鈉與氮源調控下油脂與碳水化合物變化之研究。中原大學生物環境工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-86。 
  4. 李暉騰(2012)。不同條件下對微藻類生長與油脂累積之探討。中原大學土木工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-75。 
  5. 姚怡君(2017)。以農業廢棄物浸液抑制小球藻增生之效益研究。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-106。 
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