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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 高爾(2007)。不願面對的真相,台北市:商周出版。
  2. 1. 王怡舜、湯宗益(1991)。《數位產品網路行銷之顧客滿意度量表建構模式》。中華管理學報,第三卷第二期。
  3. 2. 李孟訓、周建男、林俞君(1996)。《休閒農場之服務品質、關係品質與顧客忠誠度之關聯性研究》。農業經濟半年刊,第80期。
  4. 3. 陳麗如、王淑慧(1996)。《服務品質對顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度關係之探討》。遠東學報,第二十三卷第三期。
  5. 4. 林榮禾、莊淳淩、莊景有、戴如君(2006)。《入口網站的服務品質、顧客滿意及顧客忠誠度關係之研究》。電子商務學報,533-555。
Times Cited (19) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏伯芳(2012)。輔以YouTube影片及小組海報的英文單字教學法:增進國中三年級學生之英文單字習得與存留之影響。成功大學外國語文學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-181。 
  2. 羅婉珍(2013)。應用線上註記系統於英文閱讀教學:線上閱讀策略、英文能力與閱讀理解之相關性。交通大學英語教學研究所學位論文。2013。1-185。 
  3. 劉美蘭(2014)。運用數位RPG 於英語閱讀教學之成效:學習成果與教師回饋。中原大學應用外語研究所學位論文。2014。1-253。 
  4. 李寧葦(2013)。線上註記系統對互動式英語單字學習成效之研究。中原大學應用外語研究所學位論文。2013。1-181。 
  5. 陳翊鶴(2006)。結合影像擷取虛擬實境技術建置國小英語互動學習系統。中央大學網路學習科技研究所學位論文。2006。1-151。
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