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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 11 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] R. H. MacNeal, J. M. Hedgepeth, and H. U. Schuerch, ``Heliogyro solar sailer summary report,' tech. rep., National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., June 1969.
  2. [3] R. H. MacNeal, ``Structural dynamics of the heliogyro,' tech. rep., National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., May 1971.
  3. [5] W. K. Wilkie, J. E. Warren, M. W. Thompson, P. D. Lisman, P. E. Walkemeyer, D. V. Guerrant, and D. A. Lawrence, ``The heliogyro reloaded,' tech. rep., NASA Langley Research Center, December 2011.
  4. [6] L. Johnson, M. Whorton, A. Heaton, R. Pinson, G. Laue, and C. Adams, ``Nanosail-d: A solar sail demonstration mission,' Acta Astronautica, vol. 68, pp. 571--575, 2011.
  5. [7] M. Macdonald and C. McInnes, ``Solar sail mission applications and future advancement,' in 2nd International Symposium on Solar Sailing, July 2010.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李長潔(2006)。從邊緣到中心︰解析與重構性別關係中的社會價值。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-121。 
  2. 蘇玉筑(2010)。當代臺灣「大臺中」書寫— 以中、彰、投四縣市作家作品為探討對象。中興大學中國文學系所學位論文。2010。1-187。 
  3. 陳瓊薇(2006)。拓拔斯?塔瑪匹瑪作品研究。臺灣師範大學國文學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-186。
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