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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 22. 行政院環境保護署 (2010),「香港白海豚保育參訪出國報告」。
  2. 28. 張芬芬 (2010),「質性資料分析的五步驟:在抽象階梯上爬升」,初等教育學刊,第35卷,第87-120頁。
  3. 29. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花 (2005),「質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析身心障礙研究」,身心障礙研究,第3卷,第2期,第126-135頁。
  4. 30. 葉權德 (2004),「台灣南方澳鯨豚對延繩釣與曳繩釣漁業作業干擾之研究」,國立臺灣大學動物學研究所碩士學位論文,臺北市。
  5. 31. 黃曉音 (2010),「在臺灣劃設中華白海豚海洋保護區的爭議:利益關係人之觀感分析探討」,國立成功大學海洋事務與科技研究所碩士學位論文,臺南市。
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