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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂孟真 (2006)。自我傷害動機、負向情緒、經驗迴避、情緒調節與青少年自我傷害行為之關係探索(未出版之碩士論文)。政治大學心理學研究所,台北市。
  2. 呂欣芹與劉珣瑛 (2006)。走出自殺防治的迷宮-有效的自殺防治。諮商與輔導,243,2-11。
  3. 林杏真 (2001)。自傷青少年生活壓力、社會支持與自我強度的發展及其關係研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,台北市。
  4. 高振傑 (2003)。反社會性格疾患與藥物依賴男性受刑人在性格特質向度之比較(未出版之碩士論文)。國立成功大學行為與醫學研究所,台南市。
  5. 陳毓文 (2000)。他們想說什麼?-青少年自傷行為之初探。社會政策與社會工作學刊,4(2),127-178。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊士賢(2015)。國中學生人格特質、情緒管理與學校適應相關性之探討。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-209。
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