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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王濟川、郭志剛,2004,Logistic 迴歸模型-方法及應用,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  2. 2. 李沃牆、朱竣平,2006,「信用評等對公司違約率及財務危機預測績效之探討」,2006 財經學術研討會。
  3. 3. 李勝榮、鄭文英,2011,「以市場價值反映建構財務危機預警模式-產業差異實證研究」,中華管理評論國際學報,二月第十四卷一期。
  4. 4. 李勝榮,2006,「台灣上市上櫃電子公司經營財務階段判別模式之建立」. 風險管理學報,八卷一期, 頁71 – 96。
  5. 5. 袁同心,2011,「財務比例、公司治理與總體經濟對財務危機公司股價之關聯性—運用Ohlson模型」,國立交通大學管理科學所碩士論文。
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