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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王秀華、李淑芳(2004)。老化與身體活動之未來發展趨勢。23(1)。
  2. 2.洪偉欽、沈竑毅(2007)。老化與平衡能力。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,6(2),119-129。
  3. 3.陳凱華、周適偉、林瀛洲、蘇先河、黃偉舜、黃美涓(2003)台灣地區日常生活功能獨立之中老年人體適能與年齡性別相關探討。中華民國復健醫學會雜誌,31(3), 139-145。
  4. 4.周適偉、林瀛洲、李祈德、黃美涓:台灣地區中年人教育程度對體適能狀態的影響(2004)。台灣復健醫學雜誌 ,32(3),125-133。
  5. 5.唐翔威、林珮欣、鄭惠信、劉栩含、劉守莊、黃美涓(2008)。台灣地區不同健康狀況社區居住老年人下肢膝伸直肌力和三十秒坐站測試之間的關係。物理治療,33,287-293。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊書涵(2013)。探討影響偏遠地區老年男性利用健檢服務相關因素之研究 -以高雄市田寮區為例。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2013。1-136。
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