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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Kraemer, Sylvia K. Science and Technology Policy in the United States: Open Systems in Action. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006.
  2. 2.Neal, Homer A., Tobin L. Smith, and Jennifer B. McCormick. Beyond Sputnik: U.S. Science Policy in the 21st Century. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, 2008.
  3. 3.Peterson, C.H. and Lubchenco, J. “Marine Ecosystem Services.” In Nature’s Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems, edited by Daily, G.C., 177-194. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1997.
  4. 8.吳茂昆、唐存勇。「國際海洋科學研究趨勢暨國內人力資源現況與展望」。研考雙月刊,第二十九卷第四期,民國94年8月。
  5. 10.胡念祖。「海洋事務部之設立:理念與設計」。國家政策季刊,第一卷第一期,民國91年9月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳平(2015)。台灣海岸優養綜合評估與管理策略。成功大學海洋科技與事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-97。 
  2. 陳厚宇(2013)。台灣西部海域優養狀態之評估研究。成功大學海洋科技與事務研究所學位論文。2013。1-123。
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