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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雯君(2005)。閩客族群邊界的流動:通婚對女性族群記憶與認同的影響。
  2. 行政院內政部(2005)。老人狀況調查報告。
  3. 行政院客家委員會(2008)。全國客家人口基礎資料調查
  4. 李玉嬋(2007)。從成功老化談預防疾病與促進健康生活型態的醫療。諮商工
  5. 林麗惠 (2006 a)。 台灣高齡學習者成功老化之研究。人口學刊,33,133-林麗惠 (2006 b)。高齡者參與志願服務與成功老化之研究。生死學研究,4,1-36。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡君(2013)。高齡者對適居社區與成功老化知覺之研究─以雲林縣祥和計畫志願服務隊為例。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2013。1-73。 
  2. 吳逸如(2012)。戰後嬰兒潮世代公教人員活躍老化學習需求及參與意願之探討。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-147。
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