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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 吳清山(2002)。國民小學組織再造之研究。載於潘慧玲主編:教育改革的未來,35-80,台北市:高等教育出版社。
  2. 6. 林欽榮(2004)。組織理論與管理。臺北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 7. 林裕昌(2006)。以組織變革復甦企業之階段性任務分析-以和泰汽車之組織變革為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學企業管理研究所,台南市。
  4. 1. Armenakis, A. A., & Bedeian, A. G. (1999). “Organizational change: A review of theory and research in the 1990s.” Journal of Management, 25(3): 293-315.
  5. 2. Armenakis, A.A. & Harris, S. (2009). Reflections: our journey in organizational change research and practice. Journal of Change Management, 9(2), 127-142.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊淑惠(2012)。組織領導風格改變對知識學習、工作態度之探討-以H交通運輸公司為例。成功大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-117。
  2. 張慧珍(2014)。新北市區公所進行員額評鑑與組織變革關連性之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-261。
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