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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Y. Wang, L. Liu and Y. Zhao, "Traffic sign detection based on fixed color combination and intensity restraint," International Symposium on Computer Network and Multimedia Technology, Wuhan, pp. 1-5, 18-20 Jan.2009.
  2. [6] Y. Aoyagi and T. Asakura, " A study on traffic sign recognition in scene image using genetic algorithms and neural networks," in Proc. 22nd IEEE Int. Conf. Ind. Electron., vol. 3, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 1838–1843, 5-10 Aug.1996.
  3. [7] M. Heath, S. Sarkar, T. Sanocki, and K. Bowyer, " A robust visual method for assessing the relative performance of edge-detection algorithms," IEEE J. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1338–1359, 1997.
  4. [8] L. Pacheco, J. Batlle and X. Cufi, " A New Approach to Real Time Traffic Sign Recognition Based on Colour Information," Proceedings of the Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, pp. 339-344, 24-26 Oct.1994.
  5. [9] A. Vavilin and K. Jo, " Automatic Detection and Recognition of Traffic Signs using Geometric Structure Analysis," SICE-ICASE International Joint Conference, Busan, pp. 1451-1456, 18-21 Oct.2006.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃世杰(2013)。基於視覺測速之車速預警系統。成功大學工程科學系學位論文。2013。1-94。 
  2. 黃傑琦(2012)。基於視訊行車紀錄器之主動式戶外停車位探查系統之研究。成功大學工程科學系學位論文。2012。1-73。 
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