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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.R.P. Feynman, A lecture in engineering and science, In California Institute of Technology (1959).
  2. 3.江宜蓁, 以有機金屬法合成具磁性奈米粒子與光學特性之金屬複合奈米材料, 國立成功大學化學工程研究所博士論文,( 2008).
  3. 4.A.L. Porter, J. Youtie, How interdisciplinary is nanotechnology?, J. Nanopart. Res., 11, 1023-1041. (2009)
  4. 6.C.N.R. Rao, A.K. Cheetham, Science and technology of nanomaterials: current status and future prospects, J. Mater. Chem., 11, 2887-2894. (2001)
  5. 14.M. Rydén, M. Arjmand, Continuous hydrogen production via the steam–iron reaction by chemical looping in a circulating fluidized-bed reactor, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37, 4843-4854. (2012)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉錦治(2011)。臺灣當代文學步道研究。台灣文學與跨國文化研究所。2011。1-186。 
  2. 羅淑娥(2008)。都市歷史水圳空間再現之研究-以光華區段瑠公圳再現為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2008。1-364。 
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