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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Jesorka, A.; Orwar, O., Liposomes: Technologies and Analytical Applications. Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry 2008, 1, 801-832.
  2. 2. Cevc, G.; Blume, G., Lipid Vesicles Penetrate into Intact Skin Owing to the Transdermal Osmotic Gradients and Hydration Force. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes 1992, 1104, 226-232.
  3. 3. Touitou, E.; Dayan, N.; Bergelson, L.; Godin, B.; Eliaz, M., Ethosomes-Novel Vesicular Carriers for Enhanced Delivery: Characterization and Skin Penetration Properties. Journal of Controlled Release 2000, 65, 403-418.
  4. 4. Trommer, H.; Neubert, R., Overcoming the Stratum Corneum: the Modulation of Skin Penetration. Skin Pharmacology and Physiology 2006, 19, 106-121.
  5. 5. Torchilin, V. P., Recent Advances with Liposomes as Pharmaceutical Carriers. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2005, 4, 145-160.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鈺婷(2015)。帶負電陰陽離子液胞的物化特性及維他命E醋酸酯包覆效率-離子對雙親分子碳鏈結構的影響。成功大學化學工程學系學位論文。2015。1-117。 
  2. 葉如萍(2013)。類乙醇體陰陽離子液胞的雙層膜特性與其包覆/釋放行為的關聯。成功大學化學工程學系學位論文。2013。1-121。 
  3. 邱俊瑋(2013)。類乙醇體陰陽離子液胞的包覆/釋放與膠化行為之探討。成功大學化學工程學系學位論文。2013。1-170。 
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