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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇、陳淑芳(2006)‧充權理念的應用‧護理雜誌,53(2),18-22。
  2. 方崇雄(1998)‧科技教育師資培育的夥伴關係‧中學工藝教育,31(5),8-12。
  3. 李宗熙(2002)‧經皮內視鏡胃造瘻術‧健康世界,200,109-111。
  4. 李宗熙、林肇堂(1998)‧經皮內視鏡胃造瘻術‧當代醫學,25(8),613-616。
  5. 李棟洲、許美慧、李宗熙(2001)‧腦中風伴長期吞嚥障礙患者使用胃造廔管進食之長期預後‧中華民國復健醫學會雜誌,29(4),205-212。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李欣慈(2016)。以行動研究促進長照機構高齡住民及家屬參與預立醫療照護諮詢。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-162。 
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