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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 金家禾、周志龍(2007),〈台灣產業群聚區域差異及中國效應衝擊〉,地理學報第49期,p.55~79
  2. 18. 康信鴻、廖婉孜 (2006),「影響台商赴大陸投資額與投資區位因素之實證研究」,《交大管理期刊》,26 (1),15~38。
  3. 21. 黃智聰、歐陽宏 (2006),「世界各國對中國大陸直接投資決定因素之研究」,《遠景基金會季刊》,7 (2),139~178。
  4. 22. 曾春滿(2006),〈中國大陸「西部大開發」政策分析〉,台北,復興崗學報,88 期,181-206
  5. 23. 曾盛杰、施進忠(2008),〈產業群聚創新:台灣交趾陶群聚案例探討〉,創業管理研究第三卷第四期, p.25-37。
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