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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5、台灣長期照護專業協會(2006)。台閩地區長期照護相關統計圖表。2009年4月20日取自。
  2. 6、台灣長期照護專業協會(2007)。居家護理六項品質指標。2009年4月20日取自。
  3. 13、王慧儀,張志仲,宋雲通,林永哲(1991)。中風一年後功能恢復的程度與有關因素之關係。高雄醫學雜誌,7,136-143。
  4. 14、吳淑如、邱啟潤(1997)。居家照護病患照護問題相關因素之探討。護理研究,5,279-89。
  5. 15、吳淑瓊、朱昭美(1995)。民眾對老人長期照護安排之態度:1994台灣地區社會意向調查之發現。中華衛誌,14,369-382。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古珮綾(2014)。機構式與居家式長期照護急診利用之比較分析。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-330。 
  2. 李宗霖(2011)。家庭看護工國籍與居家照護病患壓瘡發生之相關性探討 -以彰化縣市內四家居家護理所病患為例。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-88。 
  3. 黃郁超(2015)。外籍看護與家庭照顧者對接受居家照顧老人住院與死亡風險之差異。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-98。 
  4. 陳世曉(2016)。商業與天然管灌配方商品市場分析之研究。逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-68。 
  5. 田四維(2011)。轉型中醫院之醫工相關技術探討—以國軍某區域級醫院為例—。中原大學生物醫學工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-178。
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