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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bernard, E. C. 1992. Soil nematode biodiversity. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 14(2): 99-103.
  2. Bloemers, G. F., Hodda, M., Lambshead, P. J. D., Lawton, J. H. and Wanless, F. R. 1997. The effects of forest disturbance on diversity of tropical soil nematodes. Oecologia. 111(4): 575-582.
  3. Bongers, T. 1990. The maturity index: an ecological measure of environmental disturbance based on nematode species composition. Oecologia. 83(1): 14-19.
  4. Bongers, T. and Bongers, M. 1998. Functional diversity of nematodes. Applied Soil Ecology. 10(3): 239-251.
  5. Bongers, T. and Ferris, H. 1999. Nematode community structure as a bioindicator in environmental monitoring. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 14(6): 224-228.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施俊州(2010)。語言、體制、象徵暴力:前運動期台語文學kap華語文學關係研究。成功大學台灣文學系學位論文。2010。1-336。 
  2. 林妏霜(2008)。異質文化與記憶:解嚴後台灣電影中的歌曲。清華大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2008。1-140。
  3. 施清瀚(2012)。台灣本土詩人語言選擇研究。臺灣師範大學台灣語文學系學位論文。2012。1-163。
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