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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adams, M. J. (1990). Beginning to read: Thinking and learning about print. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  2. Baron, J. (1979). Orthographic and word-specific knowledge in children's reading of words. Child Development, 50, 60-72.
  3. Berninger, V. W. (1994a). Reading and writing acquisition: A developmental neuropsychological perspective. Madison, WI: Brown & Benchmark.
  4. Berninger, V. W., Abbott, R. D., Nagy, W., & Carlisle, J. (2010). Growth in phonological, orthographic, and morphological awareness in grades 1 to 6. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 39(2), 141-163.
  5. Bukach, C. M., Bub, D. N., Gauthier, I., & Tarr, M. . (2006). Perceptual expertise effects are not all or none: Spatially limited perceptual expertise for faces in a case of prosopagnosia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(1), 48-63.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳曉鈞(2008)。阿美士德使節團探析─以天朝觀之實踐為中心。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2008。1-99。 
  2. 章瑄文(2007)。紀實與虛構:鴉片戰爭期間臺灣殺俘事件研究。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2007。1-328。
  3. 李佩芬(2007)。《點石齋畫報》中的秩序觀(1884-1898)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-263。
  4. 尤淑君(2010)。從賓禮到禮賓—外使覲見與晚清涉外體制的變化。政治大學史學研究所學位論文。2010。1-370。
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