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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 221 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 包宗和、吳玉山,2012,《重新檢視爭辯中的兩岸關係理論》,臺北:五南圖書。
  2. 張亞中,2003,《全球化與兩岸統合》,臺北:聯經出版公司。
  3. 蕭新煌,2009,《非營利部門:組織與運作》,臺北:巨流圖書公司。
  4. 蘇起、鄭安國,2005,《“一個中國,各自表述”共識的史實》,台北:翰蘆圖書出版有限公司。
  5. A. LeRoy Bennett. 1991, International Organizations: Principles and Issues, 5th ed. N.J.: Prentice Hall
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林惠娟(Hui-Chuan Lin);林屏沂(Ping-Yi Lin)(2016)。團體音樂治療活動融入老人護理課程-大學生對老人的態度與服務意願之影響。彰化護理。23(2)。28-36。 
  2. 吳宜瑾(2016)。非政府組織的政治性:以財團法人台灣醫界聯盟基金會推動台灣加入世界衛生組織為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-197。 
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