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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Ashraf, M., Loftis, J. C., and Hubbard, K. G.: Application of geostatistics to evaluate partial weather station networks, Agric. Forest Meteorol., 84, 255-271, 1997.
  2. 3.Caine, N.: The rainfall intensity-duration control of shallow landslides and debris flows, Geografiska annaler, 62A (1/2), 23-27, 1980.
  3. 6.Central Geological Survey, CGS, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taipei. 2000.
  4. 7.Chang, J. C., Shen, S. M., and Liu, Y. S.: A study on the occurrence of landslides and debris flows in four small catchments of the Chenyoulan river, Geog. Res., 34, 63-83, 2001 (in Chinese).
  5. 9.Chang, J. C. and Slaymarker, O.: Frequency and spatial distribution of landslides in a mountainous drainage basin: Western Foothills, Taiwan. Catena, 46, 285-307, 2002.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾卓翰(2015)。有效累積雨量計算方式之差異對土石流降雨警戒時間之影響。成功大學自然災害減災及管理國際碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-63。 
  2. 蔡明璋(2016)。應用雙因子存活分析於建立土石流預警臨界曲線之研究—以台灣神木地區為例。逢甲大學土木及水利工程博士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-156。 
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