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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Florida, R.(理查.佛羅里達)(2003)。The Rise of the Creative Class And How It's Tranforming Work, Leisure Community and Everyday Life(創意新貴: 啟動新新經濟的精英勢力)(鄒應媛譯)。臺北市:寶鼎。(原著出版於2002年)。
  2. Landry, C.(查爾斯‧蘭德利)(2000)。The Creative City: A Toolkit for Urban Innovators(創意城市)(楊幼蘭譯)。臺北市:馬可孛羅文化。(原著出版於1961年)。
  3. 方思文(2015)。台南市中西區老屋再利用現象之初探-1994至2013年。國立成功大學,臺南市。
  4. 王乙婷(2010)。閒置空間再利用為餐飲用途經營之探討—以台南市為例。國立成功大學,臺南市。
  5. 周欣嫻(2007)。台灣文化創意產業智慧財產之法律保護與藝術授權-以國立故宮博物院為例。國立政治大學,臺北市。
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