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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.任孟淵(2012),「尋找生活中環境教育的可能:日常食物消費者的永續關懷與行動策略」,國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所博士學位論文。
  2. 10.吳杰穎、李玉生(2010),「非結構式減災措施運用於空間規劃與管理之研究」,中華民國建築學會「建築學報」第72 期,第169~186 頁。
  3. 13.吳義隆(2009),「都市設計審議機制運作型式之研究-以高雄市內惟埤文化園區特定區為例」,國立成功大學都市計劃研究所博士論文。
  4. 16.呂銘哲(2010),「應用巨災模型於洪災風險分析之研究:以曾文溪流域為例」,國立臺灣大學地理環境資源研究所碩士論文
  5. 20.林蕙瑛(2008),「一個校園魔法師的故事-創意教師之質性研究」,國立政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班碩士論文。
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