Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. .(論文)李孝智,2001年6月,「澳門一二.三事件的口述歷史與葡萄牙的殖民統治」,香港浸會大學
  2. .(論文)嚴銀英,2008年,「澳門歷史城區登錄為世界遺產之歷程研究」,台北藝術大學建築與古蹟保存研究所碩士論文
  3. .(期刊文章)Miki Korenaga(是永美樹)、Francisco Vizeu Pinheiro、Koji Yagi(八木幸二),2008年1月,「Complex of onen spaces in the old district of Macao」,<<日本建築學會計畫系論文集>>第73巷第623號,pg137-144
  4. .(書)傅玉蘭等編,2002年1月,<<抗戰時期的澳門>>,澳門文化局澳門博物館出版
  5. 黃漢強,吳志良主編,1996年3月,<<澳門總覽>>第二版,澳門基金會出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭懿柔(2017)。在地的他方:以澳門特別行政區氹仔舊城區作為一種地方。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2017。1-139。 
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