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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] L.L. Kazmerski, Photovoltaics R&D : At the Tipping Point, Presented at the 2004 DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program Review Meeting October 25-28, 2004, Denver, Colorado
  2. [2] Yan-Kuin Su, Fuh-Shyang Juang, and Min-Hong Chen, “ GaN Metal-Semiconductor- Metal Visible-Blind Photodetectors with Transparent Indium-Tin-Oxide Contact Electrodes,” Jpn. J. Appl.Phys. Vol. 42, pp.2257-2259, (2003)
  3. [3] S. Sakai, T. Wang, Y. Morishima, Y. Naoi,〝 A new method of reducing dislocation density in GaN layer grown on sapphire substrate by MOVPE〞, Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 221, no. 1–4, pp. 334-337 (2000)
  4. [4] N. P. Kobayashi, J. T. Kobayashi, P. D. Dapkus1, W. J. Choi, A. E.Bond, X. Zhang, D. H. Rich, 〝GaN growth on Si(111) substrate using oxidized AlAs as an intermediate layer 〞, Appl. Phys. Lett ,Vol. 71, no. 24, pp. 3569-3574 (1997)
  5. [6] X. Guo and E. F. Schubert,〝Current crowding and optical saturation effects in GaInN/GaN light-emitting diodes grown on insulating substrates〞, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 78, no. 21, pp. 3337-3340 (2001)
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊美芳(2016)。高雄市國中導師社會支持、情緒管理與班級經營效能關係之研究。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-161。
  2. 蕭炳輝(2016)。中華電信客網人員工作特性與服務品質認知關係-以心理契約、社會支持為調節變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-100。
  3. 謝佳姍(2017)。高雄市學校志工社會支持與主觀幸福感之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-83。
  4. 王一眞(2017)。農民正向心理、社會支持與從事安全農業行為意圖關係之研究。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-86。
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